What is Dot Matrix Printer? Latest 5 Uses and Types With Advantages and Disadvantages

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In the series of Printers, One of the most old series of printer is ‘Dot matrix printer’. Before further go we have to know about What is Dot Matrix Printer in Printer series. It’s is extremely useful in banks, railway stations, office and many more places in old days. Some Old organization still using this printer for billing purpose.

What is Dot Matrix Printer
What is Dot Matrix Printer

In this following article we are providing you all information like it’s uses, types and most important is Advantages and Disadvantages. Further guide is very useful for getting full knowledge about this ancient printer.

What is Dot Matrix Printer (Definition) ?

A Dot matrix printer is one of type of printer which uses small pins or wires to create characters or images on paper which was 1970s and 1980s introduced. It is called a “Dot matrix” printer because it forms characters and graphics by printing a series of dots in a matrix pattern.

The printer head of a dot matrix printer consists of a grid of tiny pins or wires arranged in a rectangular array. These pins or wires are driven by electromagnetic actuators, which cause them to strike an ink-soaked ribbon against the paper, forming dots. By selectively activating specific pins or wires, the printer can create characters, symbols, and images.

Dot Matrix Printer
Dot Matrix Printer

Dot matrix printers are known for their durability and ability to produce carbon copies since they use impact printing. They can print on multi-part forms, such as invoices or receipts, by using pressure to transfer ink from the ribbon onto the paper. This feature made them popular in businesses where duplicate copies of documents were required.

However, dot matrix printers have become less common in recent years due to the rise of inkjet and laser printers, which offer faster and higher-quality printing. Inkjet and laser printers use non-impact methods, resulting in quieter operation and better print quality.

Types of Dot Matrix Printer

There are several types of matrix printers, categorized based on their specifications and features. Here are some common types:

Types of Dot Matrix Printer
Types of Dot Matrix Printer

Serial Dot Matrix Printers: These printers have a single row of pins that print one line at a time. They are relatively slower compared to other types but are suitable for basic text printing tasks.

Parallel Dot Matrix Printers: These printers have a print head with multiple columns of pins that can print multiple lines simultaneously. They are faster than serial this printers and are commonly used for basic text and simple graphics printing.

Multi-Form Dot Matrix Printers: These printers have the ability to handle multiple forms simultaneously. They can load and print on different paper types or sizes, making them suitable for businesses that require printing on multipart forms or different stationery.

High-Speed Dot Matrix Printers: These printers are designed for high-volume printing tasks and offer faster print speeds compared to standard this printers. They are commonly used in industries that require continuous printing, such as banking or logistics.

Wide-Format Dot Matrix Printers: These printers have a wider print carriage and are capable of printing on larger paper sizes, such as A3 or fan fold paper. They are used in applications where printing wide-format documents or graphics is necessary, such as CAD (Computer-Aided Design) drawings or engineering diagrams.

It’s important to note that dot matrix printers have become less prevalent in recent years due to advancements in inkjet and laser printing technologies. For setup Custom Page in this printer you call visit following hyperlink.

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Uses of Dot Matrix Printer

Dot matrix printers have been widely used in various industries and applications due to their unique capabilities. Here are some common uses of matrix printers:

Uses of Dot Matrix Printer

Receipt Printing: Dot matrix printers have been commonly used for printing receipts in retail stores, restaurants, and other businesses. They can quickly print detailed transaction information on multipart forms, including the original copy for the customer and additional copies for record-keeping purposes.

Invoice and Billing Printing: This printers are often used for printing invoices, billing statements, and other financial documents. They can handle carbon-copy forms, allowing for the creation of multiple copies of the same document simultaneously.

Reports and Forms Printing: Dot matrix printers are suitable for printing various reports and forms that require continuous printing. They can handle multipart forms with per-printed information, such as order forms, shipping labels, inventory reports, and data logs.

Point-of-Sale (POS) Systems: Dot matrix printers are often used in point-of-sale systems to print receipts, sales summaries, and other transaction-related documents. They can be found in retail stores, supermarkets, and hospitality establishments.

Impact Printing Requirements: Dot matrix printers are preferred for applications that require impact printing, such as printing on multipart forms or carbon less paper. They can create legible prints even on uneven surfaces or in harsh environments, making them suitable for certain industrial or field applications.

It’s worth noting that with the advancement of inkjet, laser, and thermal printing technologies, dot matrix printers have become less common in many areas. However, they still find utility in specific industries and situations that demand their unique printing capabilities.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Dot Matrix Printer

This matrix printers have both advantages and disadvantages compared to other types of printers. Let’s explore them:

Advantages and Disadvantages of Dot Matrix Printer
Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages of Dot Matrix Printers:

Cost-Effective: Dot matrix printers are generally more affordable compared to inkjet or laser printers, both in terms of the initial purchase cost and the cost of consumables like ink ribbons. This makes them a cost-effective option, especially for businesses with high-volume printing needs.

Durability: Dot matrix printers are built to be robust and durable. They can withstand harsh environments, vibrations, and fluctuations in temperature, making them suitable for industrial and manufacturing applications.

Carbon Copies: Dot matrix printers use impact printing, which allows them to create carbon copies of documents. This is advantageous in situations where multiple copies of a printed document are required simultaneously, such as in invoicing or record-keeping processes.

Wide Paper Compatibility: Dot matrix printers can handle various types of paper, including multipart forms, continuous paper, envelopes, and labels. They offer flexibility in printing on different paper sizes and thicknesses, making them versatile for different printing requirements.

Disadvantages of Dot Matrix Printers:

Print Quality: This printers are known for producing relatively low-quality prints compared to inkjet or laser printers. The output is composed of dots, which can result in jagged edges and limited graphical representation. The print resolution is typically lower, resulting in less sharp and clear text.

Noise Level: This printers are inherently noisy due to their impact printing mechanism. The sound of the print head striking the paper can be disruptive in quiet environments or offices where noise reduction is desired.

Slow Printing Speed: This printers are generally slower compared to inkjet or laser printers. They print one dot at a time or a few dots per pass, resulting in slower overall print speeds. This can be a disadvantage in situations that require fast printing, such as high-volume document production.

Limited Color Capability: This printers are primarily monochrome printers, meaning they can only print in black or a limited range of colors. If color printing is essential, this printers may not be suitable, and other printer types like inkjet or color laser printers would be more appropriate.

Overall, while this printers have certain advantages in terms of cost, durability, and carbon copying, their limitations in print quality, noise level, and speed have led to a decline in their popularity in favor of more advanced printing technologies.


Having getting all of these information about Dot matrix printer, we got all types of knowledge for the same including right uses and types also. Advantages and Disadvantages also is very helpful for understanding about the printer and also key points. According to Costing of print and durability it is very perfect printer, but you have to compromised with the print quality , speed and noise level.

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